Thursday, March 5, 2009

PCEF Notes from Meeting of 2 March 2009


  1. Report on previous work
  2. Reports and studies
    - NMT
    - DC Rules
    - Sludge disposal (new, to be studied)
  3. Environment Status Report 2009


  1. Report on Previous Work The minutes of the last meeting on 13 June 2008 were circulated. As per the last meeting, the Schools group has been meeting with SSA and School Ed Dept meetings, and the DC Rules group work has been integrated into DP Steering Committee. The PCEF was to focus on the ESR; frameworks had been developed by Prof Aneeta Benninger (for ward-level analysis), water, biodiversity, waste management in consultation with Dr Ajay Ojha; limited incorporation was Bulleted Listpossible due to inadequate of time and missing data; process is to be strengthened in 2009
  2. Cycle Track and Footpath Designs
    a) Shri Ranjit Gadgil reported on a rapid assessment carried out of the design of the cycle track implemented on Sinhagad Road, which is good, but there are issues that are documented at
    b) The Municipal Commissioner (MC) suggested that on roads which are not under JNNURM one could create cycle tracks quickly by using a curb stone separator. Cycle track would be at same level as the road and will be tarred surface. He asked Shri Bhosekar of Aundh ward to undertake such a cycle track on Aundh road (Raj Bhavan road - from University Circle to Bremen chowk). Shri Bhosekar informed that this would not be possible from the Ward maintenance budget since cost is likely to be high (2.6 km stretch) and would give a cost estimate for the said project.
    c) In each ward, approximately 5 km of footpaths are being built/ repaired; RWAs, Mohalla Committees can help in assessing the quality of the work done. Of special interest is the changeover (slope) at property access that should be checked by RWAs and citizens
    d) The list of roads where the footpath is to be made walk-able is available at The reports may be uploaded by the Mohalla Committees on the wiki or given to the NMT Cell
    e) Shri Satish Khot suggested that the Grievance Redress System be used for NMT related complaints; MC identified Mr Latkar as the officer in charge to address the complaints for NMT
    f) Shri Satish Khot suggested that the cycle track network and the footpath assessment exercise (and tools for the same) could be publicized in print form and not only on the wiki in order to reach many more citizens
  3. Reaching organic fertilizer from Sewage Treatment Plants Sludge and organic MSW into Peri-urban Farmers
    a) MC suggested that PCEF should investigate the possibility of conversion of STP sludge into organic fertilizer and the mechanism of reaching it to farmers in the peri-urban areas of Pune and linking the whole initiative to organic farming networks who could help in monitoring the quality of the fertilizer and its regular availability
    b) Shri VG Kulkarni, Dev Engineer in charge of STP is to be the PMC contact for this; he is currently on leave; CEE would follow up on this task once Shri Kulkarni is back and obtain basic information regarding STP location-wise sludge production, quality etc. Further studies with students from Pune Univ/ other institutes would be done to work out the economics, hold consultations with farmers and related NGOs etc.
  4. DC Rules
    Ms Anagha Paranjape reported on the discussions on the DC Rules group. An analysis of rules of other cities has been done; an Environmental Planning and Mgt chapter to be added to the DC Rules, based on Pune’s ecohousing policy (rainwater harvesting, SWM, noise and dust mgt on construction site). A presentation on the work done thus far is to be presented and discussed at the DP Steering Committee meeting, whenever next organized.
  5. Environment Status Report
    a) Background: At the first meeting of the PCEF in 2007, it had been decided that the citizens groups and NGOs would help strengthen the process of development and use of the ESR. The current system of tendering of the ESR has meant that the report content and quality changes from year to year. The lack of mechanisms for participation in the process has also meant that the ESR is not used by citizens for ward level monitoring of the city environment. It was felt that this year another arrangement may be tried out in which citizens' groups could also participate/input.
    b) Prof Aneeta Benninger described the rationale for the ESR, as envisaged in the 74th CAA, and that the electoral ward level status should be reflected in the ESR; the data already available with the Ward Offices has to be compiled and analyzed so as to provide a picture of what improvements are needed in various wards; specific projects could then be budgeted by the prabhag samitis
    c) The first task is the preparation of the framework of the ESR, including information reporting, analysis, consultation process and cycle of data collection, analysis, recommendations, programme implementation review, etc. This may include the ward-level analysis suggested by Prof Aneeta Benninger, a consideration of the KPI work of Janwani, the Standardized Service Level Benchmarks initiative under the JnNURM, the Strategic Environment Assessment work being done as part of the Sustainable City Plan with Sida, the CEROI indicators (, actions to be taken by cities under the Kyoto Protocol and analysis of the past ESRs.
    d) The framework is to be drawn up by several participants who volunteered to do the same (Shri Sharad Mahajan, Ms Zigisha Mhaskar, Ms Anagha Paranjape, Shri Ranjit Gadgil, Shri Avinash Madhale, Ms Neha Ambastha, Ms Sanskriti Menon), in consultation with Shri Bhosekar and with Shri Mangesh Dighe and Shri Vikram Jadhavar (PMC Environment Dept); Sanskriti would also check with Ms Tasneem Balasinorwala about the possibility of her involvement in developing the framework
    e) The framework would be placed before the entire PCEF again in the first week of April, and once finalized, Department heads, Ward Officers etc. would be requested to give the necessary information; NGOs and academic institutes would also be requested to share any studies relevant to the ESR
    f) A team would then help with data analysis and writing of chapters, which would again be circulated as a draft, and Shri Satish Khot volunteered to circulate it among citizens' forums such as mohalla samitis, and then finalized for translation and production and placing before GB by PMC Environment Dept
    g) Further, after acceptance by GB, the main recommendations for each ward would be sent to the Prabhag Samiti by the PMC Environment Dept for consideration in the ward level planning and budgets subsequently
    h) Shri Sharad Mahajan offered to give various maps without any charge
    i) Shri Ashish Kothari suggested that if time is short, then a more practical approach be taken by concentrating on three or four areas that would be possible
    j) Shri Sharad Mahajan also suggested that July 31st should be sacrosanct and if electoral ward-wise report is not possible, then an aggregate ESR as per previous years should still be tabled on the due date
    k) The Commissioner said that a diffuse group such as PCEF will not be able to work unless someone agrees to anchor the activity. Janwani's name was suggested and was agreed to by MC and Ranjit Gadgil, though the PCEF would be mainly responsible for finalizing the framework for the ESR based on suggestions of all stakeholders.
    l) PMC (the Environment Dept.) would be responsible for the collection of the data and the Commissioner asked Mr. Devanikar, Addl Commissioner (Gen), to ensure that all wards and HoDs comply.
    m) It was further discussed that the actual production of the ESR (printing) could be tendered, however Sharad Mahajan suggested that PMC has in-house printing facility, and should do it. A final decision can be made by the PMC and as such does not impact the work of PCEF/Janwani.
    n) Sanskriti said that the work by PCEF/Janwani may involve some costs such as data entry, photocopies, printing of draft copies (limited) and possibly honorarium to be given to sector experts who agree to assist in the making or evaluation of the framework. The Commissioner agreed that any actual costs to Janwani could be reimbursed, or paid directly by PMC
    o) No tender has been issued for the creation of the ESR thus far and with this arrangement it was decided that it would not be needed. The idea that PMC would develop the ESR in-house and that the Environment Dept be strengthened was welcomed by everyone. The ESR would be a PMC product, but guided in this manner by the PCEF, which group effort would be anchored by Janwani
  6. Update on DP Steering Committee Meeting
    Shri Aniruddha Pawaskar, Dy CE reported that the next DP Steering Committee is to be held shortly. MC suggested that the agenda should include:
    a) Presentations by the commissioned agencies and groups for ELU, DC Rules, Socio-economic and Demography studies, focusing on the important findings pertinent for the DP revision process
    b) Possibility of appointment of a City Architect as part of the DP Cell, as suggested by Prof Aneeta Benninger
    c) Focus on rules for redevelopment and renewal as suggested by Prof Aneeta Benninger
    d) Heritage conservation strategies
  7. Environment Impact Assessment of Large Projects
    a) Shri Ranjit Gadgil initiated a discussion on the possibility of conducting Environment Impact Assessments (EIA) of large projects undertaken by the PMC.
    b) MC informed that the MoEF has a new notification for EIAs to be conducted (2009, available at
    c) It was decided that the following should be incorporated into the contracting and tendering procedures of the PMC:
    a. That EIAs be done for green fields projects worth more than 50 crore to be taken up by PMC such as 100 feet rd, 80 ft road, bridges, ring road, STPs etc, and esp under the 23 villages DP
    b. Cost-Benefit analysis and Environment Damage Mitigation Plan (EDMP) to be incorporated into works in already built areas, retrofitting of existing infrastructure and projects currently underway
    d) The PMC Environment Cell should anchor this effort and make the ToRs for EIA, BC analysis , EDMP for new projects now being tendered and in the future, by listing out all the proposed projects over 50 crore – Shri Mangesh Dighe to identify 5-7 such projects of different kinds, roads, bridges, STP etc
    e) The ESR framework should include reporting on the EIAs done each year


  1. Adv.Bhagyashree Alate ,SLA
  2. Anagha Paranjape Purohit,BN College of Architecture
  3. Anantrao Katkar ,A.E. Sahakar Nagar
  4. Aneeta Benninger,CDSA
  5. Anil Jagtap,Ward Officer, Bibwewadi
  6. Ashish Kothari,Kalpavriksh
  7. Ashok Pingle,MASHAL
  8. Avinash Madhale,CEE Urban
  9. C.K.Waghmare,A.C.Yerwada Office
  10. D.S.Molak,DMC-2
  11. Dinesh Girolla,JE, MC Office
  12. L.M.Kondhare,Dy.M.C.[G] Security and Fire Brigade
  13. Madhav Deshpande ,Ward Officer, Hadapsar
  14. Madhav Jagtap,Ward officer, Kasba Vishrambagh
  15. Mangesh Dhige,Environment officer PMC
  16. Meher Gadekar,
  17. Mr. Machindranath Devanikar,Addl. Municipal Commissioner (Gen.)
  18. Mrs.Ulka Kalaskar,Dy.Ch .Acct
  19. Mukund Bhosale,Ward Officer, Sangamwadi
  20. Neha Ambastha,CEE
  21. Nitin Udas ,Ward Officer, Karve Road
  22. P.D.Pawar,J.E. Garden Department
  23. Pravinsing Pardeshi,Municipal Commissioner
  24. Pushkar Kanvinde,Principal College of Architecture
  25. Ramesh Shelar,
  26. Ranjit Gadgil,Janwani
  27. S.P. Bhanage,Asstt.Engr. Parwadi Water Work
  28. S.S.Jana ,O.S. Tax Department
  29. Sanskriti Menon,CEE Urban
  30. Satish Khot,NSCC Pune
  31. Sharad Mahajan ,MASHAL
  32. Shreeram Salvekar ,Ward Offcer, Dhole Patil road
  33. Subhash Swami,School Board PMC
  34. Sudhakar Tambe,Education Officer, PMC
  35. Sudhakar Telang ,Z.C.4
  36. Surendra Karpe,J.E. Road
  37. Suresh Jagtap,DMC-3, Solid Waste and Vehicle Dept
  38. T.S.Dharurkar,PMPML
  39. Umesh Mali ,Ward Officer, Dhankawadi
  40. Vijay Dahibhate,Dy. Comm Zone 1
  41. Vijay Landge,Ward Officer, Ghole road
  42. Vikram Jadhavar ,Environment officer JnNURM PMC
  43. Zigisha Mhaskar,CHF International

Tuesday, January 20, 2009

Pune Waste to Energy Nov 2008 Seminar Report

Waste Matters and Janwani co-hosted the seminar ‘Waste to Energy: Is incineration of city garbage a good idea? ‘in Pune on 29th November 2008 at Mahratta Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Agriculture (MCCIA). About 35 participants from industry, the waste management sector, representatives of media and NGOs attended the seminar.

The aim of the seminar was to discuss the experience of Waste to Energy (WtE) technologies in general and especially as a possible component of the solid waste management systems in Pune. Municipalities are struggling to cope with increasing volumes of garbage and demands for a clean city. As dumpsites get filled and with no more land available new solutions are being sought. Incineration of waste has been proposed as a neat solution to this problem. Proponents suggest that not only does it get rid of waste, but that it also produces energy in the process as an added allurement to cities reeling under power cuts.

But is WtE really the panacea for our garbage woes? What is the scope for energy recovery, and what are the environmental and social impacts, as experienced in the few cities that have experimented with WtE technology. (See also Introductory Note in Appendix).

The panel discussion included presentations on:
  • An Introduction to SWM Issues by Shri Ranjit Gadgil

  • Proposals And Plans for Solid Waste Processing By Pune Municipal Corporation by Dr Sanjeev Wavare, PMC

  • Environmental, economic, political implications: WtE by Shri Gopal Krishna

  • Energy & Efficiency Implications of WtE by Dr Ashok Sreenivas

Shri Ranjit Gadgil opened the seminar by invoking the vision statement for Solid Waste Management in Pune arrived at in 2007, through a deliberative process that included technology assessment to some extent, led by EM Centre and supported by PMC and UNEP. The vision statement is ‘No Waste to Landfill’. Against that vision statement, the actual operation and management processes and capabilities, and major gaps therein were briefly mentioned. (See Appendix for Shri Gadgil’s Presentation)

Dr Sanjeev Wavare, representing the Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) provided an overview of the projects and proposals SWM being undertaken by PMC (See Appendix for Presentation). He provided information on composting units (functioning and non-functioning) and bio-methanation plants set up or being set up in decentralized manner. Spaces have been identified in all 14 Administrative Wards of the city for setting up organic waste processing units.

In addition, Dr Wavare described the Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) facilities being installed at Uruli Devachi under the Centrally Sponsored 10 air field town project. Selco International ( and Hanjer Biotech have been identified through NBCC under this project. The facilities are stated to include:

  • 500 MTD Mechanical Composting Unit near completion, being set up by Selco International

  • 80 MTD Mechanical Composting Trial runs underway and 20 MTD Vermi composting unit, being set up by Hanjer Biotech.

Shri Gadgil drew attention to the fact that the Detailed Project Report and the agreements between the PMC and the project proponents do not mention RDF plants. However, the PMC presentation and officials describe the installations at Uruli as RDF and the equipment erected at Uruli is also as used for RDF installations. There appears to be a deliberate attempt to obfuscate the information on the technologies that will be used. He also said that people get conflicting messages from PMC: is the focus on recovery of recyclables or incineration; centralized terminal treatments or de-centralized source segregation and processing.

(See Appendix for Agreement between between NBCC (on behalf of Ministry of Urban Development) and SELCO, and work orders for Hanjer and SELCO)

Shri Gopal Krishna provided an overview of the experience of RDF facilities set up in different cities in India. He described RDF as a technology that has been ‘tried, tested, and failed’. In Agra and Chennai citizens have strongly opposed the setting up of RDF plants. The health impacts of dioxin and heavy metal toxicity caused by the RDF plant in Chennai are already visible among people living near by. In Europe and the US, the RDF and incineration plants are in fact shutting down due to environmental and health concerns. RDF plant and incinerator chimneys convert solid combustible materials into gaseous pollutants that are difficult to trap.

In his presentation titled Waste to Energy: The Energy side of the Equation, Dr Ashok Sreenivas provided an overview of the various prevalent Waste to Energy technologies including incineration, pyrolysis, RDF and biomethanation. Quoting UNEP and World Bank reports, Dr Sreenivas drew attention to the inappropriateness of Indian waste as fuel since it is high in organic matter and moisture.

Speaking about RDF technologies in particular, Dr Sreenivas revealed that the intake is the combustible component of solid waste, which is converted into pellets. Supplementary biomass such as rice husk is added to enhance the calorific value. The pellets are either burnt onsite (for electricity generation) or sold as fuel. The amount of waste processed at RDF plants set up in Deonar, Hyderabad and Vijaywada is much lesser than was originally stated. The capex per MW for RDF plants is much higher (upto almost twice) the capex for conventional thermal power plants. Apart from issues related to toxic ash and high capital expenditure, Dr Sreenivas highlighted the fact that despite claims to the contrary, the energy produced from an RDF plant even if it used up the entire 1200 tonnes reaching the landfill every day, would meet about 1% of Pune’s demand and less than 10% of the shortage. (Demand = 800 MW; Shortage > 100 MW; Pune’s RDF potential = 10 MW which is 1.25% of Pune’s demand).

The economic viability relies on tipping fee. Concerns regarding the operation of RDF plants and incinerators include fine particulate, heavy metals, trace dioxin and acid gas emissions, toxic fly ash and incinerator bottom ash (IBA) management.

In response to a question about the Waste to Energy technology used in Stockholm, participants from Sweden revealed that organic waste is enriched with supplementary biomass and burnt under controlled conditions for district heating energy. Prior segregation of recyclable fractions is done at source and intermediate points.

Dr Joshi described efforts to tap landfills for methane and suggested the same could be explored in Pune as well. Mr Gaikwad from Vasundhara Swacchata Abhiyan, Baner requested the PMC to provide more proactive assistance and support for decentralized comprehensive waste management, including providing good educational materials, helping citizens groups to promote segregation at source, and setting up neighbourhood level sorting and composting facilities. Dr Rajendra Joshi from Aundh Ward Office noted the request.

Main issues and suggestions

  1. The PMC has not clearly stated the nature of the technologies being adopted under the airfield project – while the presentations and discussions state that the installation at Uruli Devachi is a Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) plant, the PMC agreements with Selco and Hanjer Biotech do not mention RDF. In fact the HUDCO DPR clearly rules out incineration as a viable option due to unsuitable waste composition. Transparency is needed on the technology proposed to be used.

  2. An inspection of the existing facility at Uruli should be done by an independent expert from the field who can verify the technologies that are proposed to be used.

  3. A Fact Finding Committee consisting of PMC officials, Elected representatives, NGOs/ citizens groups and media and industry representatives from Pune should visit the installations at Chennai and Hyderabad and interact with the residents near the installation to ascertain what the conditions are.

  4. The landfill management at Uruli is haphazard with dumping continuing on the portion that is already supposed to have been capped, and toxic work conditions for the PMC workers as well as waste pickers including children. Operational procedures are inadequate and even ghanta trucks are arriving at the landfills instead of BRCs. Urgent measures must be taken to remediate the existing landfill and surrounds, including the conditions of waste collectors, residents and PMC workers.

  5. The PMC should be urged to cancel all plans for RDF plants, and to look for comprehensive alternatives to conform to the already articulated vision statement of 'No Waste to Landfill'.

  6. The PMC should provide the complete information and clarification regarding the technologies proposed to be used under the air field project. Awareness regarding the RDF and incineration technologies must be enhanced among citizens.


Waste to Energy: Introductory Note

Lets Talk Rubbish is an idea whose time has come. Some would say it took a long time coming because the issue of what to do with garbage has existed since man started generating it. It is however, one that has caught the fancy of governments and citizens alike, amidst 21 century talk of world class cities and global warming. Solid waste management looks at how garbage is collected, transported, recycled and disposed.

Countries like India that have robust recycling industries are at an advantage because the quantity of garbage to be disposed is considerably reduced. There is no doubt however that the quantum of garbage generated has been increasing at alarming rates. This puts pressure on land and resources. Nobody wants to have garbage in their backyards, least of all farmers who some years ago had little choice on account of their ignorance and low bargaining power. Not any more. Farmers and villagers have taken to approaching the courts to prevent land reservations for landfills. We are still talking about the disposal end.

What about how cities look? Overflowing containers, unseemly dumps of garbage pushed behind walls, and foul smelling garbage vehicles stuck in traffic alongside trendy cars. Not a pretty picture by any standards. And what of the unfortunate municipal workers who actually stand perched on mounds of garbage in the ghanta trucks. At least they get paid a decent wage. What of the thousands of informal workers who manually handle garbage day in and day out for a livelihood.

Is there a sure fire panacea for all these ills? One that miraculously takes care of garbage, making it disappear at the swipe of a wand? Yes say the vendors of technology, variously known as incineration, plasma, gasificaton, Refuse derived fuel (RDF), landfill gas recovery and more euphemistically as waste to energy or WtE. Politicians and administrators prick up their ears believing that finally there is something that is going to bring them credit rather than brickbats. Environmentalists sound the cautionary note, arguing that technology must be evaluated on the basis of environmental consequences, seen and unseen. Economists sit with their calculators totting up how much its going to cost the citizen in real terms that include innocuous sounding things like tipping fees and landfill costs.

So what does let's talk rubbish have to do with all this? Actually, Let's Talk Rubbish is about NOT talking rubbish about rubbish. It's about making informed choices in the city for the city. It seeks to debunk myths that are created around technology in order to make it more understandable. It places these technologies in the public domain where they can be examined and debated by ordinary citizens through a deliberative process.


Mr Gaikwad, Vasundhara Swacchata Abhiyan, Baner

Arvind Joshi

Ashok Sreenivas, Parisar, Prayas

Avinash Madhale, CEE

Dinesh Thite, DNA

Gopal Krishna, ToxicsWatch, Delhi

Goran Johnson, Ramboll Natura

Harish L

Helena Lindemark, Ramboll Natura

Kailas S Yesge

Kalpana Baliwant, PMC

Laxmi Narayan, KKPKP

Magnus Carle, Ramboll Natura

Maitreyi Shankar, KKPKP

Meher Gadekar, Bharat Forge

Nalini Shekar, KKPKP

Nandkumar Papal, Deccan Greens, 311 Shukrawar Peth, Pune

Narendra Chugh, Vishwasanskruti

Nirmala Pandit, Navam

Nitant Mate, KOEL

Nitin Shinde

Poornima Chikarmane, SNDT Womens University

Radheshyam Jadhav, Times of India, FC Road, Pune

Rajendra Joshi, PMC

Ranjit Gadgil, Janwani

Rohit Saroj

Sameer Vyaghrambare

Sanjay Gawade, PMC

Sanjeev Wavare, PMC

Sanskriti Menon, CEE

Shrinivas Varunjikar

Sriranjini Vadiraj

Sujit Patwardhan, Parisar

Sunita Jadhav

Zigisha Mhaskar, CHF

Friday, October 10, 2008

Baner Balewadi Development Plan

The Development Plan for the 23 villages merged into the PMC limits was submitted to the State Government for approval. The State Government has deleted all reservations for public amenities, without giving reasons. This is likely to have serious implications for the nature of development and resulting quality of life for people in this area / connected to this area.

Citizens have 60 days to provide their views on the modifications - the deadline is 2 December 2008. Read about the Baner Balewadi DP and the Call to Action for citizens at

Sunday, October 5, 2008

DC Rules Minutes of Meeting 20 Sep 2008

Revision of Development Plan (1987) of Pune City
Minutes of the Meeting on DC Rules Sub-Group
Date & Time: - 20th Sept, 2008 at 3.30 pm

Meeting of the sub-group on Development Control Rules of Revision of Development Plan (1987) was held in the conference hall of PMC

Mr. R.N. Gohad welcomed the members & stated that as per decided in the 6th Steering committee meeting, the various D.C. Rule subgroups are reformed into one group under the chairmanship of Shri V.W. Deshpande. The important discussions held in the meeting hall are as follows.

Shri Gohad presented the copy of comparison table on Banglore DCR’s as decided in last meeting.

Shri Vikas Bhandari stated that along with Shri Kembhavi & Shri Raje, they have prepared a draft guideline for the DCR’s to be prepared. In that they incorporated various aspect to make the DCR’s transparent & user friendly. He gives briefs of the DCR guideline, explained the objectives, methodology, & strategies to be formed to prepare DCR’s. He has circulated copies of work done by their group.

Mr. V.W. Deshpande stated that before formulating DCR’s we have to make policies & strategies considering growth trend of the city. For that various survey data & its analysis is required. With the help of this data we can predict growth trend of the city & then we can formulate the idealistic DCR’s.

Mr. Raje suggested that they are working on three important categories of Rules as Mandatory, Optional & Incentive type of Rules & they suggested different color coding for each type of Rules.

There a discussion was made on various important issues like further DCR’s- is a tool for achieving goals?, sustainability norms, implacability of DCR, densification & infrastructure, incentivisation of areas which are not developing, objectives of FSI, etc.

It was decided that the draft of the D. C. rules in preparation by Shri. Vikas Bhondari, Shri. Kembhavi, Shri. Raje may be complete shortly & will make available to the group for discussion and finalization.

Shri. Phatak Ex. Chief Planner, MMRDA is called for association of this group. He emailed certain points which are mentioned below:-

I. The technical aspects of DCR’s related to structural public health and other engineering aspects can be decided with reference to NBC

II. Similarly the procedural aspects including use of IT and e-governance in the process of development control could also be independently pursued

III. However other aspects can not be decided independently the objectives. For example if the objective is to support & promote car based travel, the parking regulations will be different from those that serve the strategy of promoting public transport and restraining use of private vehicles

IV. Planning objectives and strategies therefore need to be decided first before launching the DCR exercise. Please do not follow the example of Mumbai by concentrating on DCR’s alone without having a bigger picture in mind

V. I do not know whether any terms of reference have been formulated for the group. If not it would be a good staring point.

VI. I would be able to meaningfully participate only when these issues are clarified.

Certain plans are there for discussion which will be necessary for formulation & proposed changes in the Development Regulations.

Shri. Shirish Patel one of the leading architect in Mumbai has also associated with this group. However he can not attend the meeting which scheduled on 20.09.2008.

Mr. Ranjit Gadgil highlighted some important points on the discussions held in the meeting are as follows:

1. It is important that the basic purpose of FSI should be made clear. This has an important policy decision implication. If FSI is a tool that is used to control the density of persons so as to ensure that there is proper provision of basic amenities, then the policy of greater FSI for low income housing is contary to this principle. This is a double impact since low income houses are smaller, hence more tenements are accommodated in the same FSI and low income family sizes also tend to be bigger. This point has been explained by Mr. Shirish Patel and should be discussed at the next meeting.

2. The FSI restriction also is linked ultimately to the provision of basic services. Basic services are made possible either by the private sector or the Municipality. It was stated at the meeting that development funds collected by the PMC are used specifically for improvement of infrastructure in that "zone". It is important that we collect information about how much money has been raised in these zones and how much infrastructure has actually been provided. It was also pointed out that this scheme has the disadvantage of skewed development since better developed areas tend to get more funds which in turn allows for greater development.

3. It was also decided to create norms for eco-housing that are in-line with incentives/dis-incentives framework being adopted. Essentially depeding on the usage, energy consumption per sq m should be decided. Buildings that exceed this consumption would be charged higher taxes/fees. This should force builders to seek more eco-friendly friendly designs, which is currently not being done. Special reference was made to the statement of Hon'ble Energy Minister, Shri Dilip Walse-Patil at a meeting at MCCIA in this regard.

4. It was also decided that upon distribution of draft DC Rules by Mr. Bhandari, Ranjit Gadgil and Sujit Patwardhan will provide the appropriate measures keeping in mind the sustainable transport policies adopted by the PMC.

5. The issue of TP Schemes was also raised since it has been generally agreed upon that it is the preferred method of planning whether for re-development or green field development. This matter must be raised in the larger group, since it will have a bearing on the DC Rules.

It is proposed to arrange further meeting after 15 days when the draft of the proposed changes in DCR completed by Shri. Vikas Bhandari, Shri. Kembhavi and Shri. Raje will be circulated to the members. The Schedule of the next meeting will be informed a week before to all the members. The meeting concluded at 5.45 p.m. with the vote of thanks of the PMC.


Mr. Vidyadhar Deshpande

Mr. R. N. Gohad

Mr. Vikas Bhandari

Mr. Shirish Kembhavi

Mr. Rajiv Raje

Mrs. Anagha Paranjpe

Mr. Ranjit Gadgil

Mr. Sujit Patwardhan

Mr. Vinay Zagade

Mr. Mahendra Pardeshi

Mr. Shivprasad Murari

Ms. Nital Kapse

Friday, September 5, 2008

Connect Pune meeting on 20 Aug 2008

The Pune wiki is at

Actionable Items
1. Wiki training sessions are to be arranged by
- BIVEER (Katraj) Thanks to Dr Erach Bharucha and his team

- Seed Infotech (Erandwane) Thanks to Ajay Phatak, Narendra Barhate and his team and

- Zensar (Kharadi) Thanks to Lavanya Jayaram and her team
on Sundays.

Those interested in a training session on 31st Aug from 10 am to 1 pm are requested to send in their registrations in the following format to

Preferred location:

Name,Email, Phone number:

The wiki training is expected to train participants as trainers and provide the basics of:

- adding/ editing content - Devnagari content; images, video, audio, tables, etc;

- wiki etiquette;

- inappropriate content;

- categories etc.

The training will involve each person creating/editing a page of a vision for Pune Wiki

- What should Pune wiki accomplish? The training should also include a page seeding what you would like to accomplish.

2 If possible, volunteer to be wiki trainers, provide wiki training space etc - the Pune wiki will be as good as we can make it

3. All who attended - to spread the word amongst your friends and colleagues to contribute content to the wiki,

4. Puzzle and hypothesis on the Pune Wiki: Dr Madhav Gadgil will lead an effort to compile, collect and seed questions and hypothesis that could lead to general interest, involvement and even student projects on the wiki.

5. Vision dialogue on the Pune wiki to be furthered by Dr. Erach Bharucha and his team, particularly encouraging student visions. They will also help reach out and connect to other educational institutions.

1. Presentations were made on possible projects (and some experiences) in waste, mobility, energy, biodiversity and how students might take these up (existing spaces in school and college curricula). These are being uploaded in pdf form on the Talk page of the Pune ENVIS wiki page.

2. There was discussion on the nature of educational projects and creating involvement, not compliance from students. This is an area for continued thinking. Some students may be more attracted to projects where they can see they are contributing to change or bringing about change; others may like to posit hypothesis and work in a 'research' mode. Thus, projects may be related to data collection feeding into a larger information system, hypothesis based leading to knowledge generation, action projects etc. Students should also be encouraged to do projects relating to visioning rather than only problem solving.

3. Will data lead to action or change? - data and information alone may not produce action or change but they are key ingredients, and data converted into useful information can spur action. The wiki will serve to connect people around key initiatives. It will enable share initiatives with others. This can lead to exciting ways to use the Pune wiki platform to connect and transform Pune.

4. Localized information models/ frameworks need to be developed - waste (KKPKP), transportation (Ashok), energy (Prayas), ecosystems (Dr Madhav Gadgil) are some that will be developed in the near future through a combination of physical meeting and then in a wiki mode.

5. Uploading existing information from student projects could also be undertaken- BIVEER and others to explore the possibility.

Dr. Anupam Saraph, Ph.D., Chief Information Officer, Pune City
url: 99237 56977

Monday, August 4, 2008

DC Rules Meeting 26 July, 2008

DC Rules Group Meeting held on Saturday July 26, 2008 at BNCA

The following attended the meeting:

1. Ar Rajiv Raje

2. Ar Shirish Kembhavi

3. Ar Poorva Keskar

4. Mr R N Gohad, with the members of the ELU team

5. Mr Dinesh Girolla

6. Ar Anagha Paranjape

The meeting discussed the following:

1. The points discussed in the July 12 Meeting on Urban Renewal and incentives (via FSI) for plot agglomeration in the congested areas was discussed further. It has been decided that case studies will be done in each category of plot size to check for feasibility issues etc.

2. Discussion also happened on the point of progressively Incentivising TDR use in the outer zone, thereby further ensuring euitable TDR loading in the outer zones of B, C and D, prioritizing zones that face lesser development pressures today.

3. It was discussed that while TDR is being loaded in the outer zones, it will be necessary to look at each zones 'carrying capacity' in terms of various parameters including water availability, road and transport infrasrructure, sanitation infrasstructure etc.

4. The possibility of introducing marginal variations in the DC Rules for various PLANNING SECTORS in the city to promote and enhance the individual character of each sector. These Planning Sectors shall be formed based on various criteria such as landuse character, population dynamics, type of existing building development, environmentally sensitive properties etc. These criteria are to be dicussed in details in further meetings.

5. Marginal variations in the DC Rules in the various sectors will then take into consideration the individual character of each sector to address variations in urban design, special cases, curltural adn heritage significant structures, environmental considerations such as riverfront, lake front, forestland, BDP frontage etc.

6. The following preparation is to be done before the next meeting which is planned on Thursday August 14 , 2008 at BNCA. 2 pm to 4 pm.

a) The DC Rules for fives cities are to be read and analysed based on specific points (to be circulated by Ar Shirish Kembhavi). The five cities and the respective readers are as follows: Mr Gohad - Bangalore; Dinesh - London; Ar Raje - Singapore; Poorva - DDA; Anagha - Hyderabad.

b) Ar Rajiv Raje to circulate the synposis of the DC Rules for Pune that he has compiled. Additionally, he has to circulate the Hyderabad DC Rules in soft form.

Reminder to Mr Pawaskar: Please issue to us the letters that 'appoint' us to work with the DP Steering Committee at the earliest.

Input from Ar Shirish Kembhavi

A format for making a comparison of Key DC rules prevalent in other cities as decided has been prepared and is available at

The last meeting was to determine the threshold of growth of the City with Water supply as the criteria. It was discussed that we need to find out what is the total water supply to the City including ground water and thereby determine the population that could be sustained.

Mr.Girolla suggested that the sewage received at the treatment plats can be an indicator of the consumption and thereby the information could be interpolated. This being an important aspect, We need to find this out.

Sunday, July 27, 2008

ESR Framework

Pune produces an Environmental Status Report (ESR) every year, and it has done so since 1997. This is mandated in the state-level legislation (the BPMC Act) following the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act and the Twelfth Schedule.

The development, writing and production of the ESR is usually tendered out. The Pune ESR has been prepared over various years by Mashal, Change Re-engineering, PATPL, and in recent years by the PMC Air Quality Cell. Since the approach and detail in the different chapters is quite varied, it appears that there is no continuing information framework for the ESR as a whole or for the individual sections.

In order to make the ESR a more useful / usable document, some reorganization of the ESR has been suggested by the Pune Citizens Environment Forum (various meetings):

  1. The purpose of the ESR has to be clear
    1. It should reveal the health status of the population linked to the state
      of services and the environment
    2. It should provide information support for investment and management
      decisions for the PMC
    3. It should serve as an important input into the annual budgeting and
      planning exercises of the PMC
    4. It should be a tool for citizens' use as well, serving both as an
      information/ education resources, as well as a way for tracking improvements
  2. It should have some overview chapters for a comprehensive picture of the city, including key sectors
  3. Certain data sets have to be presented disaggregated at ward-level so that actions needed to be taken by corporators are clear, and these can in turn be linked to ward level municipal budgets and plans
  4. It is important to create the framework, even if data is not there. The purpose of this is to identify data gaps and put in place appropriate data collection systems
  5. Descriptive material, detailed data tables, references etc are valuable information and the ESR is a good way of making such information publicly available and these may be included. However, the key actionable aspects may be presented as a separate section for facilitating monitoring and follow-up
  6. Information, such as flights operating out of Pune and list of Malls, which has appeared in the ESR of some years may be removed from the report as it is not directly relevant. However, a lot of the development-related data could still be included, albeit in the form of appendices.
  7. The ESR will need to draw upon data apart from the official data gathered and provided by PMC departments on municipal services and functions
  8. Which data is gathered and reported by the PMC depts. needs to be looked into, as they may not necessarily be collecting some critical information – this depends on what goals (short and long term) are being set for improvements – for instance if reducing energy use is a goal, then data related to energy use in specific service provision will have to be tracked
  9. In any case the Key Performance Indicators for PMC depts exercise initiated by Janwani should link with the ESR preparation work; the KPI work in Pune is also linked to the Benchmarking of Municipal Services initiated by JNNURM
  10. This means that citizens, academic institutions, independent organizations, NGOs etc can also and should contribute information
  11. A system to receive and categorize information needs to be created for this
  12. Information collection/ compilation/ review etc can happen year round
  13. The ESR should be available on the internet – creating wikis may be a useful way to do this

'''Which indicators?'''
Draft frameworks have been developed for biodiversity and water. These are available under the respective Work Themes in this blog

The CEROI set prepared by UNEP GRID Arendal may also give useful insights [ City Environment Reports on the Internet]